Struggle for Pomerania and Danzig/Gdansk between the native population, Teutonic knights and Kingdom of Poland. Teutonic knights move base to Marienberg. King Casimir the Great of Poland. Dynastic union of Poland and Lithuania in 1390’s. Includes quotes from Chaucer’s Canterbury Tales. Picture: Marienberg/Malbork fortress (courtesy of visitmalbork.pl)
Background to the Battle of Nicopolis 1396. The rise of the Ottomans in the 1300’s at the expense of the Byzantine Empire, and then their expansion into the Balkans. Brief description of the geography of the Balkans and (Blue) Danube, and histories of 14th century Hungary, Serbia, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Romania – a golden age in the minds of some nationalists.
In 1396 a large crusader army assembled, made up of numerous nationalities- French, German and Burgundian knights, together with soldiers from Hungary and Romania (Wallachia), plus a fleet from Venice, Genoa and Rhodes. The aim was to drive back the Ottomans, who had already conquered much of the Balkans and now threatened central Europe. The crusaders were confronted by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Bayezid at the strategic city of Nicopolis, on the lower Danube. Pictured: John Count of Nevers, King Sigismund of Hungary, Sultan Bayezid
In September 1380 Grand Prince Dmitri of Moscow led an army which confronted an invasion force of Mongols on the banks of the River Don. After his victory he became known to history as Dmitri Donskoi, and a great Russian hero. But to what extent is it justified to portray Dmitri as a symbol of Russian resistance against Tatar repression?
I have released on Patreon.com a three part set of episodes on The Sicilian Vespers.
On the fateful night of 30th March 1282 at sunset on Easter Monday a local revolt in Palermo erupted and spread over the whole island of Sicily. Was it pre-planned, or spontaneous, or a mixture of the two? Either way, it was a pivotal event for all major European powers on the Mediterranean; the Papacy, the Byzantine Empire, France and Spain/Aragon, as well as Italy itself (Pictured: Paintings of the event by Francesco Hayez).
The first part is available to all, the second and third to my patrons who have pledged $3 or more a month. If any questions – please get in touch (firstname.lastname@example.org)
My Patreon page is at: www.patreon.com/user?u=35216
Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453) Part 2
France faces dynastic issues with no direct male heir. In England Edward II is deposed. Edward III ascends to the throne as a minor, and then in 1337 starts to stake his claims to lands in France
Edward III promoted jousting and pageantry
The story of Europe from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War