The Gibraltar Crusades is the name given to the struggle for control of the Straits between Spain and Morocco in the 13th and 14th centuries. It was a three-way conflict between the Kingdom of Castile, the Marinid dynasty of Morocco, and the Sultanate of Granada, the last Muslim state in Iberia
Map of Granada in Medieval Spain
Example of Architecture of the Marinid Dynasty – The Al-Attarine Madrasa in Fez, Morocco
The Battle of Lake Peipus or ‘The Battle on the Ice’ was fought on 5th April 1242 between a coalition of western crusaders led by the Teutonic Knights against an army from Novgorod, Russia, led by Alexander Nevsky. The conflict was made famous by a Soviet film of 1938 directed by Sergei Eisenstein.
This is the fifth and final part of a set of episodes on the Medieval Baltic and the Northern Crusades
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Alexander Nevksy appointed Prince of Novgorod, a Russian city with its own unique culture and proud history. Lead up to Battle of Lake Peipus 1242.
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Out now – The Battle of Rio Salado 1340, Part 1. After the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa 1212 the Christians of Iberia, especially the Castilians, are able to conquer much territory from the Muslims. Plus an overview of thirteenth century Spain (pictured – Alhambra palace of the Sultanate of Granada)
Livonia in the 12th century was threatened by invasion from all sides; Danes, Swedes, Germans, Poles and Russians. Key events in this episode are;
1201 – Founding of Riga (capital of modern day Latvia) by Bishop Albert
1219 – Capture of Tallinn (capital of modern day Estonia) by Denmark in the legendary battle of Lyndanisse
1236 – Defeat of a military order, the Sword Brothers, by a band of Lithuanians at the Battle of Saule
The story of Europe from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War