Relations between England and France after the Battle of Poitiers 1356 and in the lead-up to the Battle of Agincourt 1415. I briefly cover the reigns of Kings Richard II (pictured) and Henry IV of England, and Charles V and Charles VI of France
I have released on Patreon.com a three part set of episodes on The Sicilian Vespers.
On the fateful night of 30th March 1282 at sunset on Easter Monday a local revolt in Palermo erupted and spread over the whole island of Sicily. Was it pre-planned, or spontaneous, or a mixture of the two? Either way, it was a pivotal event for all major European powers on the Mediterranean; the Papacy, the Byzantine Empire, France and Spain/Aragon, as well as Italy itself (Pictured: Paintings of the event by Francesco Hayez).
The first part is available to all, the second and third to my patrons who have pledged $3 or more a month. If any questions – please get in touch (email@example.com)
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Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453) Part 2
France faces dynastic issues with no direct male heir. In England Edward II is deposed. Edward III ascends to the throne as a minor, and then in 1337 starts to stake his claims to lands in France
Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
In the late thirteenth century and early fourteenth century the economy and population of France flourishes. The Kings of England try and hold on to the Duchy of Acquitaine from the Kings of France. The Papacy moved to Avignon.
Picture: Homage of King Edward I of England (kneeling) to Philip IV (seated). As Duke of Aquitaine, Edward was a vassal to the French king. Painting made in 15th century.
Simon de Montfort probably hoped to quickly finish off the last pockets of resistance after the Battle of Muret. Instead conflict continued for another one and a half decades. What would happen to Simon, to Count Raymond and the people of Languedoc at this critical period for the region?
In September 1213 in southwestern France two Christian armies faced each other off. One was led by King Peter II of Aragon, who after his glorious victory against a Muslim army at the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa the previous year, was not only one of the most respected monarchs of Christendom but a favoured son of the Church. The other army was composed of crusaders, mainly from northern France, fighting on behalf of the Pope to root out heresy from the French region of Languedoc.
The story of Europe from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War