Edward the Black Prince, son of King Edward III of England, wins the Battle of Poitiers 1356. The French King, John II, is captured and ransomed, while civil war erupts in his kingdom
The Battle of Crecy was the first major land battle of the Hundred Years War – an important victory for the English and a landmark moment in European military history
One of the greatest naval battles of the European Middle Ages, the English victory at The Battle of Sluys, fought at the coast of Flanders, was crucial to starting The Hundred Years War
Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
In the late thirteenth century and early fourteenth century the economy and population of France flourishes. The Kings of England try and hold on to the Duchy of Acquitaine from the Kings of France. The Papacy moved to Avignon.
A recent guest episode for the History of England podcast on the End of the Hundred Years War, in brief the years after Agincourt 1415, but focusing on the last four years from 1449-1453 and the Battles of Formigny and Castillon. In England the victories at Agincourt, Crecy and Poitiers are well known, but less so, the events around the end of the war, and how the French eventually drove the English from all the continent, except for Calais.
Maps courtesy of http://xenophongroup.com