Category Archives: England

Hundred Years War Intro Part 2

Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453) Part 2
France faces dynastic issues with no direct male heir. In England Edward II is deposed. Edward III ascends to the throne as a minor, and then in 1337 starts to stake his claims to lands in France


Edward III promoted jousting and pageantry

Hundred Years War Intro Part 1

Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
In the late thirteenth century and early fourteenth century the economy and population of France flourishes. The Kings of England try and hold on to the Duchy of Acquitaine from the Kings of France. The Papacy moved to Avignon.


Picture: Homage of King Edward I of England (kneeling) to Philip IV (seated). As Duke of Aquitaine, Edward was a vassal to the French king. Painting made in 15th century.Hommage of Edward I to Philippe Le Bel

Bouvines 1214, Part 1

In the year 1204, Philip Augustus of France wrested control of the duchy of Normandy from King John of England. The long Capetian-Plantagenet struggle for power, however, was not yet over and would reach another decisive point a decade later at the Battle of Bouvines, 1214. This time the leaders of the other main power of the western Europe, Germany, would be brought into the conflict, and so also have important consequences for central Europe and Italy. And so for this episode I will get us up to date with the political situation in Germany.


Medievel Germany map

End of the Hundred Years War 1449-1453


A recent guest episode for the History of England podcast on the End of the Hundred Years War, in brief the years after Agincourt 1415, but focusing on the last four years from 1449-1453 and the Battles of Formigny and Castillon. In England the victories at Agincourt, Crecy and Poitiers are well known, but less so,  the events around the end of the war, and how the French eventually drove the English from all the continent, except for Calais.   Battles of Formigny and Castillon

CREATOR: gd-jpeg v1.0 (using IJG JPEG v62), default quality
Painting depicting the Battle of Castillon (1453) by the French painter Charles-Philippe Larivière (1798–1876). John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury is falling from his wounded horse

castillon-map

Maps courtesy of http://xenophongroup.com

Siege of Chateau Gaillard 1203-1204, Part 4


King John of England in his first year or two of rule achieved some successes, but his lack of tact and diplomacy, plus poor decision-making lost him many allies in France. The focus of the escalating conflict between the Plantagenets and Capetians became Chateau Gaillard, a magnificent fortress in the key borderlands between Normandy and the French royal demesne around Paris.

The Inner Bailey today of Chateau Gaillard

Chateau Gaillard
Chateau Gaillard

Location of Chateau Gaillard in France

france-map-relief-big-cities-Les Andelys

Reconstruction of how the castle looked

Chateau Gaillard_As_It_Looked