Battle of Rio Salado Part 3

Out now – The Battle of Rio Salado 1340 and the subsequent Siege of Algeciras were the key moments in the struggle for the Straits of Gibraltar between Christian Spain, the Muslim Marinid dynasty of Morocco and the Sultanate of Granada, the last remaining Muslim state in Iberia

Staits Of Gibraltar

Battle Of Rio Salado

The Moroccan city of Fez

The Moroccan city of Fez reached its golden age in the Marinid period (13th-15th century) from when is dated the city’s reputation as an important intellectual centre, and its most noted sites of interest; monuments, public buildings and especially madrasas (religious schools). The madrasas are a particular hallmark of Marinid architecture, with a striking blending of Andalusian and Almohad traditions



Battle of Rio Salado, Part 2, Gibraltar Crusade

The Gibraltar Crusades is the name given to the struggle for control of the Straits between Spain and Morocco in the 13th and 14th centuries. It was a three-way conflict between the Kingdom of Castile, the Marinid dynasty of Morocco, and the Sultanate of Granada, the last Muslim state in Iberia

Map of Granada in Medieval Spain

Example of Architecture of the Marinid Dynasty – The Al-Attarine Madrasa in Fez, Morocco
Al Attarine Madrasa, Fez, Marinid

Battle of Lake Peipus 1242, Part 5

The Battle of Lake Peipus or ‘The Battle on the Ice’ was fought on 5th April 1242 between a coalition of western crusaders led by the Teutonic Knights against an army from Novgorod, Russia, led by Alexander Nevsky. The conflict was made famous by a Soviet film of 1938 directed by Sergei Eisenstein.
This is the fifth and final part of a set of episodes on the Medieval Baltic and the Northern Crusades

Available to patrons of A History of Europe Key Battles Podcast at:


Battle of Rio Salado 1340 Part 1

Out now – The Battle of Rio Salado 1340, Part 1. After the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa 1212 the Christians of Iberia, especially the Castilians, are able to conquer much territory from the Muslims. Plus an overview of thirteenth century Spain (pictured – Alhambra palace of the Sultanate of Granada)


Battle of Lake Peipus Part 3, Conquest of Livonia 1185-1238

Livonia in the 12th century was threatened by invasion from all sides; Danes, Swedes, Germans, Poles and Russians. Key events in this episode are;
1201 – Founding of Riga (capital of modern day Latvia) by Bishop Albert
1219 – Capture of Tallinn (capital of modern day Estonia) by Denmark in the legendary battle of Lyndanisse
1236 – Defeat of a military order, the Sword Brothers, by a band of Lithuanians at the Battle of Saule

Knights vs Lithuanians

Lake Peipus Part 1, Baltic Sea, Northern Crusades

From now on some new sets of episodes will be available exclusively on a website called
This is a website where fans can support a podcaster, artist, musician, etc and pledge either a one-off payment or an ongoing amount per month. Up until now I have made available all content completely free of charge but I will begin to offer bonus material to all those generous enough to pledge $3/month (about £2/month). The money will be invested back into the podcast to cover e.g. purchase of books and hosting fees.

The latest set of episodes of A History of Europe, Key Battles podcast covers the Baltic Sea; firstly its early history, and then the Northern Crusades.

Part 1 of 5
The first part (of five) is available at for free at:
The armies of Germany, Poland, Scandinavia and Russia attempt to convert the Baltic pagans to Christianity and carve up their lands in the process. The culmination of the the set of episodes is the Battle of Lake Peipus 1242, or The Battle on the Ice, between the Teutonic Knights and Orthodox Russians of Alexander Nevsky. The battle is probably most famous for its representation by the Soviet director Eisenstein the film Alexander Nevsky.

Part 2 of 5
The second part is at:
The Teutonic Order was set up in the Holy Land as a German equivalent of other military orders. The first campaigns in Europe were in response to invitations from the King of Hungary and then a Duke of Poland. And so began their conquest of Prussia

Teutonic Knights

The story of Europe from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War