Background to The Hundred Years War (1337-1453)
In the late thirteenth century and early fourteenth century the economy and population of France flourishes. The Kings of England try and hold on to the Duchy of Acquitaine from the Kings of France. The Papacy moved to Avignon.
Picture: Homage of King Edward I of England (kneeling) to Philip IV (seated). As Duke of Aquitaine, Edward was a vassal to the French king. Painting made in 15th century.
Unfortunately today I have some bad news. I have recently been diagnosed with a benign brain tumour which must be operated on soon. Naturally I must therefore take a break from the podcast for a number of months in order to recover. Rio Salado is therefore the last podcast for at least three months.
I will try to keep you updated but make no promises. I do, however, look forward to getting back to the show when fully recovered to cover plenty more battles.
Out now – The Battle of Rio Salado 1340 and the subsequent Siege of Algeciras were the key moments in the struggle for the Straits of Gibraltar between Christian Spain, the Muslim Marinid dynasty of Morocco and the Sultanate of Granada, the last remaining Muslim state in Iberia
The Moroccan city of Fez reached its golden age in the Marinid period (13th-15th century) from when is dated the city’s reputation as an important intellectual centre, and its most noted sites of interest; monuments, public buildings and especially madrasas (religious schools). The madrasas are a particular hallmark of Marinid architecture, with a striking blending of Andalusian and Almohad traditions
The Gibraltar Crusades is the name given to the struggle for control of the Straits between Spain and Morocco in the 13th and 14th centuries. It was a three-way conflict between the Kingdom of Castile, the Marinid dynasty of Morocco, and the Sultanate of Granada, the last Muslim state in Iberia
Map of Granada in Medieval Spain
Example of Architecture of the Marinid Dynasty – The Al-Attarine Madrasa in Fez, Morocco
The Battle of Lake Peipus or ‘The Battle on the Ice’ was fought on 5th April 1242 between a coalition of western crusaders led by the Teutonic Knights against an army from Novgorod, Russia, led by Alexander Nevsky. The conflict was made famous by a Soviet film of 1938 directed by Sergei Eisenstein.
This is the fifth and final part of a set of episodes on the Medieval Baltic and the Northern Crusades
Available to patrons of A History of Europe Key Battles Podcast at:
Alexander Nevksy appointed Prince of Novgorod, a Russian city with its own unique culture and proud history. Lead up to Battle of Lake Peipus 1242.
Available to patron of A History of Europe Key Battles Podcast at:
Out now – The Battle of Rio Salado 1340, Part 1. After the Battle of Las Navas de Tolosa 1212 the Christians of Iberia, especially the Castilians, are able to conquer much territory from the Muslims. Plus an overview of thirteenth century Spain (pictured – Alhambra palace of the Sultanate of Granada)
The story of Europe from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War