Battle of Tours, 732 AD


The Franks of Charles Martel vs Islamic Umayyad Caliphate.
From the mid seventh century the Muslim armies conquered lands from Spain to Persia forming a powerful new world empire. In 732 AD a large Muslim raiding party in southern France was confronted by the leader of the Franks, a Germanic people who over the previous couple of centuries had take control of the area of modern day France. This is the story of the great battle that ensued.

Battle of Yarmouk, Part 2


The Rise of Islam in the 630’s threatened the existence of two ancient superpowers – the Persian and Roman Empires. In 636 AD the decisive battle took place between the Arabs led by Khalid ibn al-Walid and the Byzantine/Roman Empire of Heraklius- the Battle of Yarmouk.

Battle of Yarmouk, Part 1


In the 620’s the Eastern Roman Empire faced several threats, most notably the Persian Empire. Part 1 focuses on the conflict between Constantinople and Persia. This provides the context for the Rise of Islam in the 630’s leading to the decisive Battle of Yarmouk in 636 AD between the Roman Emperor Heraclius and the Arab invaders.

The story of Europe from the Ancient Greeks to the First World War